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History - Abbas 2 Hilmi Pasha




1874 July 14: Born in Alexandria, Egypt, as son of Tawfiq Pasha, who would become khedive of Egypt in 1879.
Spends many of his young years in Europe, receiving a European style education.

1892 January 7: Tawfiq and Abbas 2 succeeds him as khedive. Abbas 2 tries soon to liberate himself from the British control exercised by the British consul general in Egypt, Lord Cromer.

1894: Abbas 2 criticizes the actions of the British troops stationed in Egypt. Lord Cromer reacts by imposing strict regulations on Abbas 2's freedom to act.

1898: Egypt reconquers Sudan.

1900: Pays a visit to Britain. During this we praised Britain for her acts in Egypt, and declared great willingness to cooperate with the British officials administering Egyptian affairs.

1906: The Egyptian nationalists call for the establishment of a constitutional government. Abbas 2 rejects.

1907: Abbas 2 allows the formation of the National Party under the leadership of Mustafa Kamil, as an act of creating a counterbalance to the British.

1911: As Lord Kitchener is appointed consul general, he introduces regulations which strongly reduces Abbas 2 freedom to act independently.

1914: With the outbreak of World War 1, Abbas 2 gives his support to the Ottoman Empire.
December 18: A British a protectorate for Egypt is established.
December 19: Abbas 2 is deposed, and replaced by Hussein Kamil, his uncle.

1922: Egypt is declared independent, and Abbas 2 is stripped for all rights to the throne. He passes the rest of his life in exile, mainly in Switzerland.

1944 December 20: Dies in Geneva, Switzerland.


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